Different assessing the reign of Catherine II, historians unanimously agree that she was a "noble Empress," that when it ended, "the basic process of the XVIII century. - The creation of noble privileges, approved for the enslavement of the people. "36 While agreeing that one of the most important results of Catherine's activities was the consolidation of the nobility as the ruling class in Russia, historians differ, often in opposite directions, when evaluating the character of the Russian nobility. Ekaterina date them complete freedom, gave their full disposal of peasant slaves, while entering into use new concepts, such as "Dobronravov", "humanity", "humanity", "country", "nationals", "sensitivity", " feelings of the human heart. " We pose the question, which will be discussed in the next generation: Russia and the West, new and old Russian national character. Significant impetus received culture: in Catherine's time are thrown into the soil grains, which will in a few decades, the golden age of Russian culture.