Moscow strategic offensive (counteroffensive near Moscow) (December 5, 1941 - January 7, 1942) was carried out of the Western, Kalinin, and the right wing of the Southwestern Front. Continued 34 days. Red Army inflicted a heavy defeat on the German fascist troops, threw them into the 100 to 250 km, was the myth of the invincibility of the German fascist army and thus finally thwarted Hitler's plan of "blitzkrieg" against the Soviet Union. Battle of the Kerch Peninsula (25 December 1941 - 2 January 1942) to carry out the Transcaucasus (from December 30, 1941 Caucasian) front, with the participation of the Black Sea Fleet and the Azov Flotilla. Continued 9 days. It prevents possible invasion of German troops in the Caucasus through the Taman Peninsula.