News of Kozak becoming more and more frequent in both halves Rus. We have seen that one of the dominant phenomena of ancient Russian life was colonization, gradual population of desert spaces of Eastern Europe and then North Asia. As usually happens in countries colonized, sitting part of the population surrendered permanent work the agricultural, distinguishes men from among you, that the nature and various other circumstances, are more or less due to their nature, are forced to leave the company and strive to new, unoccupied country. It is clear that those people who prefer the new to the old, the unknown known, constitute the most courageous, the most militant of the population; in the history of colonization, they have great importance as colonization conductors prolagateli new ways to Selishche. Courage, the right person, or coercion reshivshemusya leave home to go to the steppe, in an unknown country, this courage keep him alive in the wilderness, where he was given one of their own forces, must constantly be on guard against steppe predators. Hence, these people have to be connected to the brotherhood, community, for whom war is the main occupation. So the state border inhabited by the Cossacks. The origin of the latter just better explained to us by the monuments that speak of the settlement deserted spaces - preferential certificates, which the government gave naselitelyam example shown above diploma Naum dog with his comrades: 'Has Naum people's right to his call for those places netyaglyh and non-written , good or telltale, not thieves and robbers that of the cities and counties are stamped '. First, we see that the land zaselitelyam could always find people netyaglyh and non-written, people who do not have their own land, their own economy were to become so fed Works on foreign lands, while others farms, while others fields; and such a bezdomovnye people is what we call the Cossacks. But it is clear that between these people were many, and those that do not want to live in foreign lands, depending on strangers and preferred lead militant, dangerous, but more Privolnaya, wild life in the wilderness, on the borders and beyond the borders of the State; where they were to disappear people who withdrew from the cities and counties, where land naseliteli had no right to take to yourself? The existence of the Cossacks as a border militant population, it was natural and necessary for the geographical location of ancient Russia, for open borders on all sides; on all borders would be sure to be, and indeed were the Cossacks, but mostly they were necessary and numerous steppe borders exposed to constant and relentless attacks by nomadic predators, which, consequently, no one dared to settle without the character of a warrior, always ready to reflect the attack, watch the enemy . Borders stocked Cossacks, who were more or less dependent on the state, more or less obeyed his orders, depending on whether they lived in the most boundaries, so to speak under the government's hands, or deepened increasingly in the wilderness, thus removing on the supervision and influence of the state.