However, not only as scientists are interested in the ancient folklore songs, legends and traditions of the Chukchi, Eskimos, Koryak and other nationalities. "The importance of myths, fairy tales, historical tales and other forms of folklore in the study of the ethnography of the peoples of the North can not be overestimated. It is appropriate in this context to recall that in the past, none of the Northern peoples had no written language. Excluding the falls, and part of the Nenets, none of them were up to the XVII century. directly related to the civilized nations. Therefore, science is almost does not have any written information about the nationalities of the North before the XVII century. Hence, of course, the extraordinary importance attached to all kinds of oral tradition nationalities of the North as a historical and ethnographic sources, often the only - wrote a well-known connoisseur of the North Vdovin. - We now feel big gaps in folklore Siberia. Peoples of the North Folklore studied extremely insufficiently. For example, we know almost nothing about folklore Itelmen Kerek, Mansi; little can be said about the folklore of the Koryak, Nivkh and other peoples of the North. It is necessary to be engaged in collecting folklore of peoples of the North, and to engage in an organized way. Future generations of scientists will not forgive us our slowness and lack of organization, and science will suffer irreparable loss of the most valuable monuments of culture and life of people, which in many ways still a scientific mystery. "