And yet, in spite of individual records and observations made by the Cossacks, explorers, captains, merchants and others who traveled to the North-East, up to the beginning of this century, the life of peoples inhabiting the territory of today's Magadan region, was almost continuous "white spot" for science. The scientists were better informed about the life, customs, beliefs distant Papua New Guinea or the Amazon jungle Indians than about the Chukchi life Koryak, Yukaghir, Eskimos, Evens. Ethnographic discovery of "the edge of the known world" was made Jochelson and Bogoras only at the turn of the XIX and XX century. And Yokhelson Bogoras and were exiled for political activities in the North-East, where he began to collect folklore, study the life and language, customs and beliefs of the peoples among whom they lived. Like their fellow sufferers L. Sternberg, exiled to Sakhalin, of the students sent to perdition, but thanks to the courage, curiosity and strength of spirit can not be broken, they have become scientists, first known only to a narrow circle of domestic experts, then began scientists of world renown.