Since 1989 ILYUSHIN tankers began arriving in the second regiment of refueling aircraft of the Soviet Air Force - 1230 apsz Engels, where the IL-78 was replaced exploited here until 1990 obsolete tankers 3ms-2 and 2-3MN. Before the start of the 90s. Tashkent built a total of 45 IL-78 and IL-78M. After 1991, almost half of the issued and IL-78 (21 aircraft from the 409 apsz in Uzin) remained on the territory of Ukraine. Most of them later converted into a transport and operate as normal IL-76MD (TD), and some sold abroad (for example, a year ago, a Ukrainian IL-78, previously had the number UR-76759, was delivered to the United States, where he received citizenship registration N78GF, but will be used for its intended purpose in the interest of the military, have Ukrainian origin, and several IL-78 operated in Algeria, however, seems to have only as a vehicle).